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martes, 29 de marzo de 2016

Día de la Arqueología en el Museo MAMUZ (Austria)



Tal vez estéis planeando viajar a Austria en los próximos meses. Si es así, aprovechamos para informaos del programa para el 11 de junio, con motivo del Día de la Arqueología en Austria, en el Museo MAMUZ , a pocos kilómetros de Viena, en la pequeña localidad de Mistelbach.





Si alguien está interesado, debe registrarse a través del correo electrónico: anmeldung@mamuz.at

Más información en su web: http://www.mamuz.at/en/the-museum

Conchi Torres



martes, 15 de marzo de 2016

Hace unos días os hablábamos de la serie documental “Brain Game” del canal National Geographic Channel http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/brain-games/episodes/the-survivor-brain/
 
El profesor Javier Baena nos deja en este espacio la respuesta a la pregunta que el canal de lanza sobre el nuevo capítulo titulado “the survivor brain” que se emitirá el próximo 20 de Marzo.

Survivor-style television has grown increasingly popular over the years and done a great job of illustrating our brain's fascinating built-in survival instinct.  What role do you think our ancestral instincts play today in helping us survive, thrive and accomplish our goals?  How much of our ancestral survival instincts are innate verses learned?


There are two main rules that has driven us into the evolutionary process and each one has its own progression in terms of time and intensity. From one part the natural evolutionary laws, and from the other the cultural laws that still has to be define. The evolution of our specie introduced this second factor in the changing process till the moment in which natural processes became residual. During more than three million years our ancestors have introduced gradually different technical and social adaptive solutions in order to survive as a specie. Those solutions are what we could denominate cultural evolution rules.  It is not privative to primates, but this family has the property to improve its application along the time. During the last 10.000 years the change of the social model of hunter-gathers to the productive societies implies a strongly cooperative model in which symbiotic relations of hundreds of people begun. This process derive into a strong acculturative process in which people lose the traditional knowledge to survive.
Now, we still have some traces of what we were.  Individually we have lost many of the ecological or biological data needed to survive (plants and edible roots, natural medicines, recognition of weather changes, etc) or the technical abilities to solve problems (how to make a string, how to make a trap, etc.). But the basic structure is inside us, and of course, the social knowledge have preserved in some individuals those abilities and cultural resources until today.
Of course, we are animals, and as such, we have a survival instinct that provides us with biological and chemical solutions to certain circumstances. In our live, usually we use devices or technical solutions that avoid the use of our biological resources (that is the case of a GPS, a mobile, etc.). In certain circumstances, we could recover some of our natural abilities that are “asleep” during the experience of our modern life.

In terms of mental structure, and in a survival situation, our specie has an instinctive advantage. Even if we have lost particular information needed to survive in relation to resources providing or  finding technical solutions, our mental structure was built up to provide enough creativeness and improvisation to find solutions at any circumstance. And of course one of those solutions is the synergy derived from cooperation. Social relations are a landmark of our powerful evolutionary advantage. But at the same time, this social (versus cultural) strategy has its price; the individual has no value compared with society survival.

This documentary provides excellent examples of the traces of our natural conditions, the one that provide us with enough resources to survive and success during our evolutionary process.
 
Prof. Javier Baena Preysler
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

viernes, 11 de marzo de 2016

Serie documental "Brain Game" de National Geographic Channel



¿Conocéis la serie documental “Brain Game”? Se viene emitiendo en el canal National Geographic Channel para más de cien países y en casi medio centenar de idiomas. http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/brain-games/episodes/the-survivor-brain/
 
El profesor Javier Baena, volverá a participar como lo viene haciendo para la serie sobre supervivencia The Human Race de este mismo canal, en la mesa redonda virtual de expertos para comentar sus impresiones sobre el nuevo capítulo titulado “the survivor brain” que se emitirá el próximo 20 de Marzo. 

Estrenada España su quinta temporada, Brain Games es un recorrido por todos nuestros sentidos, para descubrir capacidades del cerebro que no conocíamos”, —explica el presentador, Jason Silva. “Con esta nueva temporada emprendemos varias ‘misiones cerebrales’ muy ambiciosas para divulgar ideas nuevas y desvelar nuevas posibilidades, que nos hagan conscientes de la existencia de una frontera fascinante entre la ilusión y la realidad”.

En este intento de analizar asuntos como los siete pecados capitales, Dios, la supervivencia, los sentidos ocultos, las regiones cerebrales o el envejecimiento del cerebro, Silva contará con la colaboración de los mejores neurocientíficos, psicólogos, especialista y expertos en ciencia cognitiva. La serie, que se ha rodado en varios continentes, es un viaje sorprendente, asombroso y esclarecedor a través de los recovecos de la materia gris, un viaje que realiza una exploración entretenida e instructiva del órgano más complejo del cuerpo humano.

Durante sus fascinantes investigaciones, Silva nos irá proponiendo numerosos juegos interactivos y experimentos cautivadores que se han diseñado no solo para jugar con tu cerebro y desvelarte la sorprendente forma en que trabaja, sino para ilustrar además la explicación de estos fenómenos y permitirnos comprenderla bien.

Os dejamos algunas imágenes cedidas por National Geographic Channel sobre del rodaje de este capítulo sobre el cerebro humano y muy pronto, emitiremos la opinión del profesor Baena sobre este interesante capítulo.




Conchi Torres